Good. I'm thinking the "Previous fan failure," in pair with Speedfan not being able to detect fans, might indicate that a fan in your computer is not working. While the computer is turned on, I would open the chassis and observe the fans, including the fan inside the power supply. If one of them is not spinning, take note of it. Turn off the computer and make sure the wires on the fans are snugly plugged into the motherboard or power supply (it varies). If one of the fans is not working, disconnect it and unscrew it. You can replace a fan for cheap, but it did not appear that your hdd or cpu temperatures were hot.
If the computer isn't booting from the disc, I suspect that the DVD image is corrupt or didn't burn right, or that the BIOs boot priority is not set to boot from CD/DVD as the highest priority. If it goes to Windows (asking if you want to resume), that means it is reading from the hdd. If the CD/DVD is truly the highest priority, then it skipped it and went to hdd because the DVD image is corrupt. Otherwise, the hdd is still receiving the highest priority, unless the CD/DVD drive is just not being detected.
The Fan error went away one time after following this: When starting up, press F2 and scroll down to the next to the last line - System event log. Press Enter. Read it (take notes), clear it, and exit
I'll take a look inside in a bit.
I've set the IDE CD-ROM Device as the highest priority. I'm going to switch the Ubuntu into the DVD drive and try it. If that doesn't work, then I'll check the fans.
Edit: DVD drive method didn't work. I will check the fans. Then I'll take the Ubuntu disc onto my laptop and make sure everything is right.
Edit 2: All fans are spinning.
Edited by Clutch Factor, January 01, 2014 - 08:22 PM.